The Netherlands

 

Pharmacies

  • Population: 16.9 million
  • Population > 65 years old: 16.53%
  • Pharmacies: c.1,981
  • Population per pharmacy: c.8,467
  • Total pharm spend: c.$3,464 million, c.$205 per person
  • Generic market share: 59.1% volume / 15.8% value

Source: IMS 2014 (USD), OECD 2015, PGEU Annual Report 2014

 

 

Ownership

  • Maximum number of pharmacies per owner: Pharmacy chains are allowed and represent 31% of market share in 2011
  • Ownership requirements: Non-pharmacists are permitted to own and manage pharmacies

Source: IMS 2014, www.pharmine.org, WBA internal resources

 

 

VAT

  • VAT rate on drugs (%): 6%

Source: IMS 2014

 

 

Pharmacy Students

  • Annual number of graduates that become registered / professional pharmacists: 40-60
  • Specific pharmacy related national entrance examination: No
  • Total number of universities with a pharmacy school: 2
  • Length of course: 6 years
  • Diplomas: Masters degree
  • Fee per year: €1,672
Source: www.pharmine.org