Germany

 

Pharmacies

  • Population: 81 million
  • Population > 65 years old: 21.29%
  • Pharmacies: c.20,921
  • Population per pharmacy: c.3,958
  • Total pharm spend: c.$45,509 million, c.$562 per person
  • Generic market share: 75% volume / 31% value

Source: IMS 2014 (USD), OECD 2015, PGEU Annual Report 2014

 

 

Ownership

  • Maximum number of pharmacies per owner: Pharmacy chains are prohibited but pharmacists can own up to a maximum of four pharmacies (one main pharmacy and three branch pharmacies within a designated proximity).
  • Ownership requirements: Only trained pharmacists are allowed to own pharmacies.

Source: IMS 2014

 

 

VAT

  • VAT rate on drugs (%): 19%

Source: IMS 2014

 

 

Pharmacy Students

  • Annual number of graduates that become registered / professional pharmacists: 2,700
  • Specific pharmacy related national entrance examination: None
  • Total number of universities with a pharmacy school: 22
  • Length of course: 4 years + 1 year traineeship
  • Diplomas: Staatsexamen (equivalent to a Masters degree)
  • Fee per year: €1,000 (Freiburg, Tubingen, Heidelberg)
Source: www.pharmine.org