France

 

Pharmacies

  • Population: 66.3 million
  • Population > 65 years old: 18%
  • Pharmacies: c.22,655
  • Population per pharmacy: c.2,892
  • Total pharm spend: c.$38,241million, c.$577 per person
  • Generic market share: 46.7% volume / 23% value

Source: IMS 2014 (USD), OECD 2015, PGEU Annual Report 2014

 

 

Ownership

  • Maximum number of pharmacies per owner: Ownership is restricted to a single premise (chains are therefore non-existent). A pharmacist can own minority shares in several other pharmacies (less than 49%).
  • Ownership requirements: Only pharmacists can own a pharmacy. Pharmacies can nevertheless form groups/co-operatives) 

Source: IMS 2014, WBA internal resources

 

 

VAT

  • VAT rate on drugs (%): 2.1% or 10% (Reimbursed drugs: 2.1%; non-reimbursed drugs: 10%)

Source: IMS 2014

 

 

Pharmacy Students

  • Annual number of graduates that become registered / professional pharmacists: c.2,640
  • Specific pharmacy related national entrance examination: None
  • Total number of universities with a pharmacy school: 24
  • Length of course: 6 years
  • Diplomas: Pharm D
  • Fee per year: €174

Source: www.pharmine.org